Managing risk is more important than maximizing gains. We believe you should never invest in anything that you are uncomfortable with or that you don’t understand. While we would prefer to live in a world without risk, this preference simply does not conform to the real world. Therefore, we use risk management techniques and tools to reduce the following risks.
Financial Planning is Often SuggestedUnderstanding Diversification
Diversification means that you create an investment portfolio that attempts to reduce risk by using multiple types of investments and investing in more than one company, and within more than one industry.
With a diversified portfolio, when one industry or company fails or takes a large hit; the rest of your investments should be strong enough to weather the storm and help minimize the effects of the loss. Diversification reduces your overall risk. On the other hand, if all of your money was invested into the stock of a single company and the company doesn’t succeed, your investment portfolio and net worth is going to take a huge hit and decrease alongside the value of the stock. Additionally, if you invest in multiple companies that are all within the same new technology sector and that particular technology doesn’t take off- your pocket will feel the pain of a failed technology and you may lose your investments!
There Are Many Types of Investments401k plans differ greatly depending on the employer who sets the rules. The only way to get the most out of the plan is to get to know it and make educated choices.
Things to learn about:
- What is the maximum percentage of your salary you are able to contribute?
- Is your employer matching the contributions? If yes, what is your minimum contribution, before your employer’s contribution starts, and what is the maximum?
- What are the number of years you have to be with the company (so called vesting) to be eligible for the employer’s contributions to your 401k?
- How often can you switch among available investment options?
- Are earnings posted to your account on a weekly, monthly or quarterly basis? When do you get your account statements? Note, it is always more beneficial if earnings are added to your balance more often.
- What methods can you use to access the account? By phone, on the internet or only in writing?
- Did you spread your money among different investments to reduce the risk?
- Did you learn enough about the investments you are using?